A 2-hour bus or walking tour around the city centre of Petrozavodsk will acquaint you with its more than 300 year history. Founded in 1703 on the bank of Lake Onego Petrozavodsk played an important role in defending the borders of the Russian Empire. In 1777 Petrozavodsk was granted the status of a town and soon became the capital of the area.
The name of the city can be translated as that factory of Peter the Great that was famous for its cannons and iron casting. The Petrozavodsk factory was well-known not only for producing high quality weapons but also for exquisite iron cast fences. Some works still decorate parks and bridges of St. Petersburg.
During WWII Petrozavodsk was heavily damaged. That's why the major part of the today's city centre was erected soon after the war in a unified archirectural style which is known as Socialist Classicism. Still some bulding of the 18th century survived the war. During the excursion you will see the first stone buildings of Petrozavodsk with form the architectural ensemble on Lenin Square, the wooden house of the head of the factory and the building of the boys' gymnasium on Kirov Square.
The city attracts not only by its architecture but also amazes by its green parks blossoming in spring and charming with all shades of yellow and red in autumn. Of great interest is the Onego Lake embankment which offers picturesque views the whole year around and houses an open air museum of modern sculpture. While walking from one piece of art to another you will enjoy listening to the waters of Lake Onego and feeling its fresh breeze. The last but not the least important monument on the embankment is devoted to the founder of Petrozavodsk.